Basically, VA not only guarantees the right to live and work in the country of residence at the end of the transition period, but also covers areas such as S1 health rights and the aggregation and payment of pensions. The Withdrawal Agreement agreement also stipulates that we can leave our host country for up to 5 years without losing our right of return. The rules that apply to citizens and businesses who wish to move, work or study in another country after the end of the transition period will largely depend on the outcome of the ongoing negotiations on the future relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom. If no agreement is reached, the rules and regulations applicable to third countries outside the EU must be applied. Note: Even if you are a national of one of the EU Member States or another country with which the EU has concluded a residence agreement, under EU rules you have the right to receive documents under the Withdrawal Agreement, as explained below. However, this is subject to a fee and is usually not beneficial to you. Since its withdrawal, the UK has had no say in the EU institutions. British citizens are therefore also excluded from participation in European Citizens` Initiatives and do not have the right to vote in local elections in other EU countries or in elections to the European Parliament or in such elections. The following questions relate only to the impact of the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union on your stay in Germany.
Prior to withdrawal, a withdrawal agreement was negotiated to ensure that the main political and economic ties between the EU and the UK are not severed overnight after withdrawal. This agreement has been in force since 1 February 2020, the day the UK left the EU. It provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which EU law will continue to apply to the UK and the UK will remain a member of the EU single market and the EU customs union. The EU and the UK are negotiating their future relationship during this transition period. The Political Declaration on the Future Relationship agreed by both parties accompanies the Withdrawal Agreement and sets the framework for the negotiations. The political declaration states that the agreement between the EU and the UK on the future relationship is essentially an economic and security partnership. According to the political declaration, on 25 February 2020, the 27 EU Member States agreed on the negotiating mandate of the European Commission, which is conducting negotiations on behalf of the Member States on the future relationship between the EU and the UK. On this basis, the EU`s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, presented in mid-March a draft comprehensive agreement on the new partnership with the UK, to which other elements have been added. This and other texts are available on the website of the Task Force for Relations with the United Kingdom. For the period after the uk`s withdrawal from the EU, a transition period has been agreed, ending on 31 December 2020.
During this transitional period, the right of residence initially remained unchanged. Only after the end of the transition period will the legal situation change. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, which can be extended once by one or two years if the EU and the UK agree to do so together. From 1 January 2021, the UK will no longer be part of the single market or the customs union. Even if an agreement on the future relationship is reached by the end of the year, the EU`s relationship with the UK will fundamentally change and will be very different from when the UK was a member of the single market. Take, for example, the customs and tax formalities that are then necessary. Like EU Member States, citizens and businesses in Germany and the EU as a whole need to prepare for these consequences of the end of the transition period, whether or not an agreement is reached on the future partnership with the UK. .