Present in the Republic of South Africa in the framework of mutually agreed exercises and activities The Security Agreement is a legally binding agreement that terminates within three years, unless it is denounced earlier by one of the parties. The security agreement contains provisions that deal with a wide range of military issues. As already said, a deadline is set for the withdrawal of all US forces from Iraq until December 31, 2011. The agreement also contains many provisions similar to those regularly contained in the SOFAs concluded by the United States.120 In particular, the agreement contains provisions relating to the right of the parties to assert civil and criminal justice over the United States armed forces, as well as provisions setting out rules and procedures applicable to the United States armed forces with respect to the carrying of weapons, the wearing of uniforms applies. Entry and exit in Iraq, taxes, customs duties and debts. Common jurisdiction exists when each party to the agreement retains exclusive jurisdiction over certain criminal offenses, but also allows the United States to require the host country to waive jurisdiction in favor of the exercise of U.S. criminal and disciplinary jurisdiction. The right to exercise jurisdiction over U.S. personnel is not limited solely to the condition that a person is in a military installation. It can also cover individuals from the facility. The right to exercise jurisdiction may lead to full immunity from the laws of the host country, while the person is in that country. As already said, Congress approved pacts that changed the status of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Palau of former territories and detentions in Freely Associated States (FAS).
143 The language of the Treaties requires the conclusion of a SOFA between the parties concerned. . . .