On September 14, 2020, three bills “aimed at transforming agriculture in the country and increasing farmers` incomes” were introduced into the Lok Sabha, the Empowerment and Protection Agreement of Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020; Farmers` Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) of Farmers Act, 2020; and the Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020. (a) the terms of delivery of such products, including the date of delivery, quality, quality, standards, price and other matters; And on September 20, 2020, Rajya Sabha passed two controversial agricultural laws amid the revolt of opposition members. The bills sparked protests from peasants in several places. The two land reform laws – the Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, 2020 and the Farming Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020 – were approved by vote in Parliament, although the opposition protested and stormed the well of this Assembly to send them to a narrower committee. These invoices are now being forwarded to President Ram Nath Kovind for authorization. – It will improve farmers` incomes and also reduce marketing costs. The agricultural products mentioned in the agreements provided for in this Act are excluded from the application of the laws of the State intended to regulate the sale or purchase of agricultural products. Notwithstanding the provisions of the Essential Commodities Act 1955 or any order in force on that date, such products are exempt from any inventory limitation requirements. Farmers cannot conclude an agricultural contract that goes away from the rights of a Share Cropper. The Lok Sabha approved the laws on 17 September 2020 and Rajya Sabha on 20 September 2020. In the Rajya Sabha vote, the opposition called for the physical vote rather than the vote, but the physical vote did not take place.  Rajya Sabha`s voting rules stipulate that members of the Assembly may challenge the voting decision and, in this case, that the votes must be recorded.
 However, the Speaker of the House of Representatives passed the law by only votes claiming that the opposition had created chaos, as the rules stipulated that voting in the department required all members to remain seated while maintaining decency.   The Act provided for a three-stage dispute resolution mechanism by the Conciliation Body, the Subdivision Judge and the Appellate Authority. The agreement was to provide for a conciliation body and a conciliation procedure for the settlement of disputes.  The law has been the subject of much criticism from farmers across the country, particularly Punjab and Haryana. . . .