One year after the signing of the historic Latin American Regional Agreement on the Environment, many challenges in the ratification process remain of crucial importance to international civil society in order to contribute to the dissemination of civil society efforts in each country and at the local level. In Peru, we are working to ensure that citizens know the content of the agreement. We believe that participation needs to be broadened and we are working to move the content of the agreement and the ratification process to the sub-national level. In November 2014, the ten states that signed the Declaration on the Application of Principle 10 in 2012 decided to begin negotiations for a regional agreement. To this end, a negotiating committee was set up and was eventually formed by the 24 countries that signed the agreement. In 2014, the decision that established the negotiating committee made it mandatory for the public to participate in this process. To enable participation, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), which served as the technical secretariat for the negotiation process, set up and coordinated the regional public mechanism. More than 2,000 individuals and organizations have signed up for the mechanism to obtain regular information about the process and to participate in the virtual and personal meetings of the negotiating committee. Robinson, M.
(2019, December 12). The Escazé agreement places human rights at the heart of the management of the climate crisis. For www.theelders.org/news/escazu-agreement-places-human-rights-heart-tackling-climate-crisis Nayib Bukele`s government is still reluctant to sign the agreement and does not even talk about it publicly. “El Salvador is living in conditions of increasing environmental degradation and accelerated effects of climate change and is the second most shredded and ecologically degraded country on the continent after Haiti,” a dozen environmental and social organizations wrote last November, asking them to sign. A year and a half later, the government has still not brought them to Congress. When Jimmy Morales stepped down as president at the end of 2019, the Escazé agreement was theoretically still under discussion. New President Alejandro Giammattei took office in January and did not address the issue. “There are deep interests in the quarrel between the environment, indigenous peoples and the private sector,” said a human rights worker who asked to remain anonymous. Last month, three new countries in Latin America and the Caribbean ratified the regional treaty, despite the impending social and economic crisis caused by the Covid 19 epidemic. The Escazé Agreement is an unprecedented global agreement to improve public access to information and citizen participation in environmental issues and to protect environmentalists. Duque signed it on 11 December, reversing its original position that the Escazé agreement did not offer new measures and suspended the country from international control. Both houses of Congress must now approve it before submitting to a constitutional court review.
The government would have been willing to present it on March 17, at the beginning of the new Parliament, but it was interrupted by administrative segregation and mandatory quarantine measures that are in effect until April 13. In Peru, another of the countries that led the negotiations, the agreement progressed until it was paralyzed by last year`s political crisis. This agreement will help to guarantee the rights of SDs in the environment and we hope that at least eleven states will ratify it over the next two years, so that it can be fully implemented in each country.